Bronze; Timeless and Steeped in Antiquity

"... Verdigris; where engineering becomes art ..."

Polished bronze and stainless steel dragon sculpture Polished forged bronze door handles Polished forged bronze calla lily

Historically bronze was made by alloying copper with a small amount of tin. This mixture is still used today, but for forge work, blacksmiths also use bronzes alloyed with either aluminium or silicon.

Unlike steel, which can worked within a wide range of temperatures, bronze only has a narrow window; too hot and it crumbles when struck, too cold and it may split and crack. Because of this, bronze is time consuming and difficult to forge. However, the results are worth the effort, since forged bronze has a wonderfully rich, textured and worked appearance. This can be further enhanced by selectively polishing it.

Bronze has a lustrous shine when polished, the colour of which varies from a deep rich chestnut brown, through to a warm golden yellow hue, depending on the alloy used. its colours are particularly effective as a counterpoint to steel when it is used as a detail. When treated chemically, its surface will patinate wonderfully, with a wide range of effects possible.